This course can benefit you personally in three ways.

  1. Studying public speaking helps you to succeed in college.
  2. Studying public speaking increases your knowledge.
  3. Studying public speaking helps builds your confidence.


Looking at some of the chapter titles in this textbook.  They include words

Such as analyzing, researching, organizing, wording and delivering. These are skills

You will use in constructing and delivering your speeches. They are also transferable

Skills; they can help you throughout your academic studies, as well as your chosen career.


Second Public Speaking can help you become more knowledgeable. According to one study we remember:

10 percent of what we read,

20 percent of what we hear,

30 percent of what we see, and

70 percent of what we speak.


Consider for a moment two ways of studying lecture notes for an exam. One method

Is to read and reread your notes silently. An alternative is more active and makes you a sender of messages. You stand in your room, put your lecture notes on your dresser, and

Deliver the lecture out loud, pretending you are the instructor explaining the material

To the class. You maybe surprised to know that it is the second method.


In this course, you will learn a lot about the topics on which you choose to speak, By learning how to construct an effective public speech, you will also become a better listener to others’ speeches, oral reports, and lectures, and this will further increase your



Third personal benefit of this course it can help build your confidence and self-esteem.  The most common fear of Adult Americans: the fear of speaking to a group of people.

In this course you will learn to turn this apprehension into confidence. You will do so by reading the textbook, listening to your instructor and the most important, by doing. You will gain confidence and poise that will help you in giving oral reports in your other classes.



Numerous studies document a strong relationship between communication competence and career success. Effective speaking skills enhance your chances of first securing employment and then advancing in your career. In 1999 report, the National Association of Colleges and Employers listed characteristics employers consider most important when hiring an employee. At the top of the list was communication skills.




In another study three speech and business professors surveyed 1,000 randomly selected human resource managers to determine the “Factors most important in helping graduating college students obtain employment.” Oral Communication skills ranked first with written communication second and listening third.  This course will instruct you on two of those vital skills: Public speaking and listening. Once you are hired, your speaking skills continue to work for you, becoming your ticket to career success and advancement.


A survey of 500 executives found that speaking skills “rated second only to job knowledge as important factors in a businessperson’s success.  That same study also showed that effective communication helped improve company productivity and understanding among employees.

Although you are likely to spend only a small portion of your communication at work giving presentations and speeches, your ability to stand in front of a group of people and present your ideas is important to your career success.  One survey of 66 companies found that 76% of executives gave oral reports.  Oral communication and public speaking

Clearly plays a critical role in your professional life.


Symbol: Anything to which people attach meaning. They can be pictures, drawings or objects. We know, for example that a sign I an airport showing a fork, and a spoon means we can find a restaurant or a snack bar.

Five Levels of Communication

  1. Intrapersonal – Cognition or thought; communicating with oneself
  2. Interpersonal­­ – ­ Communication between individuals in pairs; also called dyadic communication
  3. Group – Three or more people interacting and influencing one another to pursue a common goal.
  4. Public – One person communicating face to face with an audience
  5. Mass Communication- One person or group communicating to a large audience through some print or electronic medium.
  6. Online or Machine Assisted- One person instant messaging or emailing another.


NOISE- Is anything that distracts from effective communication, and some form of noise is always present.


Physical Noise- Anything in the immediate environment that interferes with communication is physical noise. The sound of traffic in the hallway, the whoosh of an air conditioner or a heater. Some Physical noise may not involve a sound at all, however, if your classroom is so cold that you shiver or so hot that you fan yourself, the temperature is a form of noise.


Physiological Noise- Distractions originating in the bodies of communicators.  A bad cold that affects your hearing and speech, an empty, growling stomach are examples.


Psychological Noise- The type of noise refers to mental rather than bodily distractions.

Anxiety, worry, daydreaming, and even joy over some recent event can distract you from the message at hand.